Walcott BP, Coumans J-V, Mian MK, Nahed BV, Kahle KT (2011)
Inter-facility Helicopter Ambulance Transport of Neurosurgical Patients:
Observations, Utilization, and Outcomes from a Quaternary Level Care
Hospital. PLoS ONE 6(10): e26216. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0026216
Arfken CL, et al. Effectiveness of helicopter versus ground
ambulance services for inter-facility transport. J Trauma. 1998
Brown JB, et al. Helicopters improve survival in seriously injured
patients requiring inter-facility transfer for definitive care. J Trauma.
2011 Feb; 70(2):310-4.
Taylor, CM, et al. A systematic review of the costs and benefits of
helicopter emergency medical services. Injury. 2010 Jan; 41(1):10-20.
Svenson JE, O’Connor JE, Lindsay MB. Is air transport faster: A
comparison of air versus ground transport times for inter-facility transfers
in a regional referral system. Air Med J. 2006 Jul-Aug;25(4):170-2
Delgado, Kristan L. Staudenmayer, N. Ewen Wang, David A. Spain, Sharada
Weir, Douglas K. Owens, Jeremy D. Goldhaber-Fiebert.
Helicopter versus Ground Emergency Medical Services for Trauma Scene
Transport in the United States.
Annals of Emergency
B. Brown, Nicole A. Stassen, Paul E. Bankey, Ayodele T. Sangosanya, Julius
D. Cheng, Mark L. Gestring.
Helicopters and the
Civilian Trauma System: National Utilization Patterns Demonstrate Improved
Outcomes After Traumatic Injury.
The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and
Critical Care, 2010; 69 (5): 1030
JP, Brazier JE, Snooks HA. Effects of London helicopter emergency medical
service on survival after trauma. BMJ. Jul22, 1995; 311(6999): 217-222
HA, et al. The costs and benefits of helicopter emergency ambulance
services in England and Wales. J Public Health Med. 1996 Mar:18(1):67-77
C, et al. The cost-effectiveness of physician staffed Helicopter Emergency
Medical Service (HEMS) transport to a major trauma centre in NSW, Australia.
Injury. 2012 Nov; 43(11):1843-9.
JJM, Ward ME, Lockey DJ. Appropriate use of helicopters to transport trauma
patients from incident scene to hospital in the United Kingdom: an
algorithm. Emerg Med J 2004;21:355-361
BS et al. Helicopter EMS Transport Outcomes Literature: annotated review of
articles published 2007-2011. Emer Med Int’l 2012; 2012:876703
Oklahoma Trauma Triage, Transport and Transfer Algorithm
Arkansas Trauma System Rules and Regulations effective December
5, 2002, revised effective March 1, 2009. accessed 03/17/2014
Added claim statement to configure payment of claims with specific diagnosis
codes compatible with medical instability. All other diagnosis codes will be
configured to deny for medical records to review medical necessity.
Air ambulance transport under 10 miles excluded unless extenuating circumstances
precluding ground transport.